Monday, May 25, 2020

What Is an Acceptable ID for the SAT

Knowing what ID you need to take the  SAT exam  can be a challenge.  Your admission ticket isn’t enough to get you into the testing center, says the College Board, the organization that administers the test. And, if you come with the wrong or inappropriate ID, you wont be allowed in to take this all-important exam, which could determine whether you get into the college of your choice. Whether youre a student taking the SAT in the United States, or you’re an international student taking the exam in India, Pakistan, Vietnam or anywhere else, its important to take the time to understand the ID requirements as set forth by the College Board. Acceptable IDs for the SAT The College Board has a list of very specific IDs that are acceptable that—in addition to your admissions ticket—will get you into the testing center, including a: Government-issued drivers license or non-driver ID card.Official school-produced student-identification card from the school you currently attend. (School IDs from the prior school year are valid through December of the current calendar year.)Government-issued passport.Government-issued military or national identification card.Talent Identification Program ID or Authorization to Test form (allowed for eighth grade and below).College Board’s Student ID form.  If you do not have an acceptable ID, you may be able to use this ID form.   Unacceptable IDs for the SAT Additionally, the College Board offers a list of unacceptable IDs. If you come to the testing center with one of these, you wont be allowed in to take the exam: Any document that is photocopied or expired.Any document that does not bear a recent recognizable photograph that clearly matches the test-taker.Any document that does not bear your name in Roman English characters exactly as it appears on the admission ticket.Any document that is worn, torn, scuffed, scarred or otherwise damaged in such a manner that it renders any part of the text on the ID card illegible or renders any part of the photograph unrecognizable.Any document that appears tampered with or digitally  altered.A credit or debit card of any kind, even one with a photograph.A birth certificate.A Social Security card.An employee ID card.A hunting or fishing license.A missing child (ChildFind) ID card.Any temporary ID card. Important ID Rules The name on your registration form must match the name on your valid ID. If you make a mistake when you register, you must contact the College Board as soon as you realize your mistake. There are several other scenarios where this issue can be an issue: Your name is too long for the registration form. If this occurs, type in as much of your name as you can, even if you stop with a number of letters remaining. As long as your ID matches the portion of the name that fits into the registration form, youll be able to test.You go by your middle name. No matter what youre called, your name on your registration form has to match your name on your ID. Type your name into the SAT registration form exactly as it appears on the ID youll bring to the testing center or you will not be able to test.Your birth name is different than whats on your ID. If this is the case, register using your ID name, even if its different than whats on your birth certificate. Your birth certificate is not a valid ID on test day, so it doesnt matter what it says. Other Important Information If you forget your ID and leave the test center to retrieve it, you may not be able to take the test that day even if youve registered. Standby testers are waiting for places, and the College Board has strict policies regarding testing times and student admittance after testing has begun. If this happens to you, youll have to test on the next SAT test date and pay a change-date fee. If you are older than 21, you may not use a student ID card to take the SAT. The only form of acceptable ID is a government-issued ID card like a drivers license or passport. If you are a test-taker in India, Ghana, Nepal, Nigeria, or Pakistan, the only acceptable form of identification is a valid passport with your name, photograph, and signature. If you are taking the test in Egypt,  Korea, Thailand, or Vietnam, the only acceptable form of identification is  a valid passport or valid national ID card with your name, photograph, and signature. A national ID card is only valid in the country of issuance. If you travel to another country to test, you must provide a passport as identification.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

An Explanation of the Origins of the Cold War in Europe

In the aftermath of the Second World War two power blocs formed in Europe, one dominated by America and capitalist democracy (though there were exceptions), the other dominated by the Soviet Union and communism. While these powers never directly fought, they waged a cold war of economic, military and ideological rivalry which dominated the second half of the twentieth. Pre-World War Two The origins of the Cold War can be traced back to the Russian Revolution of 1917, which created a Soviet Russia with a profoundly different economic and ideological state to the capitalist and democratic West. The ensuing civil war, in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, and the creation of Comintern, an organization dedicated to the spreading of  communism, globally fuelled a climate of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe/America. From 1918 to 1935, with the US pursuing a policy of isolationism and Stalin keeping Russia looking inward, the situation remained one of dislike rather than conflict. In 1935 Stalin changed his policy: afraid of fascism, he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This initiative failed and in 1939 Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler, which only increased anti-Soviet hostility in the West, but delayed the onset of war between the two powers. However, while Stalin hoped G ermany would get bogged down in a war with France, early Nazi conquests occurred quickly, enabling Germany to invade the Soviet Union in 1941. The Second World War and the Political Division of Europe The German invasion of Russia, which followed a successful invasion of France, united the Soviets with Western Europe and later America in an alliance against their common enemy: Adolf Hitler. This war transformed the global balance of power, weakening Europe and leaving Russia and the United States of America as global superpowers, with massive military strength; everyone else was second. However, the wartime alliance was not an easy one, and by 1943 each side was thinking about the state of Post-war Europe. Russia ‘liberated’ vast areas of Eastern Europe, into which it wanted to put its own brand of government and turn into Soviet satellite states, in part to gain security from the capitalist West. Although the Allies tried to gain assurances for democratic elections from Russia during mid and post-war conferences, there was ultimately nothing they could do to stop Russia from imposing its will on their conquests. In 1944 Churchill, Prime Minister of Britain was quoted as saying â€Å"Make no mistake, all the Balkans apart from Greece are going to be Bolshevised and there’s nothing I can do to prevent it. There’s nothing I can do for Poland, either†. Meanwhile, the Allies liberated large parts of Western Europe in which they recreated democratic nations. Two Superpower Blocs and Mutual Distrust World War Two finished in 1945 with Europe divided into two blocs, each occupied by the armies of, in the west America and the Allies, and in the east, Russia. America wanted a democratic Europe and was afraid of communism dominating the continent while Russia wanted the opposite, a communist Europe in which they dominated and not, as they feared, a united, capitalist Europe. Stalin believed, at first, those capitalist nations would soon fall to squabbling among themselves, a situation he could exploit, and was dismayed by the growing organization among the West. To these differences were added fear of Soviet invasion in the West and Russian fear of the atomic bomb; fear of economic collapse in the west versus fear of economic domination by the west; a clash of ideologies (capitalism versus communism) and, on the Soviet front, the fear of a rearmed Germany hostile to Russia. In 1946 Churchill described the dividing line between East and West as an Iron Curtain.​ Containment, the Marshall Plan, and the Economic Division of Europe America reacted to the threat of the spread of both Soviet power and communist thinking by commencing the policy of ‘containment’, outlined in a speech to Congress on March 12, 1947, action aimed at stopping any further Soviet expansion and isolating the ‘empire’ which existed. The need to halt Soviet expansion seemed all the more important later that year as Hungary was taken over by a one-party communist system, and later when a new communist government took over the Czech state in a coup, nations which until then Stalin had been content to leave as a middle ground between the communist and capitalist blocs. Meanwhile, Western Europe was having severe economic difficulties as the nations struggled to recover from the devastating effects of the recent war. Worried that communist sympathizers were gaining influence as the economy worsened, to secure the western markets for US products and to put containment into practice, America reacted with the ‘Mars hall Plan’ of massive economic aid. Although it was offered to both eastern and western nations, albeit with certain strings attached, Stalin made sure it was rejected in the Soviet sphere of influence, a response the US had been expecting. Between 1947 and 1952 $13 billion was given to 16 mainly western nations and, while the effects are still debated, it generally boosted the economies of member nations and helped freeze communist groups from power, for example in France, where the communists members of the coalition government were ousted. It also created an economic divide as clear as the political one between the two power blocs. Meanwhile, Stalin formed COMECON, the ‘Commission for Mutual Economic Aid’, in 1949 to promote trade and economic growth among its satellites and Cominform, a union of communist parties (including those in the west) to spread communism. Containment also led to other initiatives: in 1947 the CIA spent large amounts to influence the result of Italy’s elections, helping the Christian Democrats defeat the Communist party. The Berlin Blockade By 1948, with Europe was firmly divided into communist and capitalist, Russian supported and American supported, Germany became the new ‘battleground’. Germany was divided into four parts and occupied by Britain, France,  America, and Russia; Berlin, situated in the Soviet zone, was also divided. In 1948 Stalin enforced a blockade of Western Berlin aimed at bluffing the Allies into renegotiating the division of Germany in his  favor, rather than them declaring war over the cut off zones. However, Stalin had miscalculated the ability of airpower, and the Allies responded with the ‘Berlin Airlift’: for eleven months supplies were flown into Berlin. This  was, in turn, a bluff, for the Allied planes had to fly over Russian airspace and the Allies gambled that Stalin wouldn’t shoot them down and risk war. He didn’t and the blockade was ended in May 1949 when Stalin gave up. The Berlin Blockade was the first time the previous diplomatic and po litical divisions in Europe had become an open battle of wills, the former allies now certain enemies. NATO, the Warsaw Pact, and the Renewed Military Division of Europe In April 1949, with the Berlin Blockade in full effect and the threat of conflict with Russia looming, the Western powers signed the NATO treaty in Washington, creating a military alliance: the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. The emphasis was firmly on  defense  from  Soviet  activity. That same year Russia detonated its first atomic weapon, negating the America advantage and reducing the chance of the powers engaging in a ‘regular’ war because of fears over the consequences of nuclear conflict. There were debates over the next few years among NATO powers over whether to rearm West Germany and in 1955 it became a full member of NATO. A week later eastern nations signed the Warsaw Pact, creating a military alliance under a Soviet commander. A Cold War By 1949 two sides had formed, power blocs which were deeply opposed to each other, each believing the other threatened them and everything they stood for (and in many ways they did). Although there was no traditional warfare, there was a nuclear standoff and attitudes and ideology hardened over the next decades, the gap between them growing more entrenched. This led to the ‘Red Scare’ in the United States and yet more crushing of dissent in Russia. However, by this time the Cold War had also spread beyond the boundaries of Europe, becoming truly global as China became communist and America intervened in Korea and Vietnam. Nuclear weapons also grew more power with the creation, in 1952 by the US and in 1953 by the USSR, of thermonuclear weapons which were vastly more destructive than those dropped during the Second World War. This led to the development of ‘Mutually Assured Destruction’, whereby neither the US nor the USSR would ‘hot’ war with ea ch other because the resulting conflict would destroy much of the world.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Learn to Speak French Essential French for Travelers

Travelers to France and other countries where French is spoken will want to learn a few basic words in the local language. It will help you on your trip (le  voyage) as you make your way around and speak to people. In this French vocabulary lesson, you will learn how to ask for directions, navigate your transportation options and rent a car, avoid danger, and enjoy local shopping and dining during your stay. It is an introductory lesson and you will find links to other lessons so you can further your studies. As a traveler (voyageur), you may also want to brush up on French phrases required for politeness as well as a few that are essential and let people know that you are new to the language. Have a good trip! (Bon voyage  !) Note: Many of the words  below are linked to .wav files. Simply click on the link to listen to the pronunciation. Getting Around and Asking for Directions Whether you are roaming the streets of Paris or decide to take a drive in the French countryside, these simple phrases are useful for those times when you need to ask for help. Where is...? Oà ¹ se trouve... / Oà ¹ est... ? I can't find... Je ne peux pas trouver... I'm lost. Je suis perdu. Can you help me? Pouvez-vous m'aider ? Help! Au secours ! or Aidez-moi ! Travel Essentials Every traveler needs know these basic words for their journey. Tourist information -  information touristiqueCustoms -  la  douanePassport -  le  passeportMap -  la  carte Important Signs You Need to Know Travelers can find themselves in precarious situations if they dont know how to read signs. Some signs will warn you of danger while others simply draw your attention to a simple fact (like the museum is closed or the restroom is out of service). Before you travel, memorize these simple words and phrases that are found to ensure your trip goes a little smoother. Watch out! -  Attention !Open -  ouvert  Closed -  fermà ©Forbidden -  interditDo not enter -  dà ©fense dentrerOut of service -  hors service  or  en panne In case you should have a medical emergency, get sick, or have a specific medical condition, you will want to review and learn French vocabulary related to ailments and illnesses. Shops, Restaurants, and Hotels   In your journey, you will probably do quite a bit of shopping and dining. You will also need to stay at a hotel and all of these require you . The following vocabulary lessons will help you navigate all of these situations. At the HotelBanking and MoneyShoppingDining at Restaurants As a primer to those lessons, you will find that you will need to use these two phrases when making purchases. I would like... Je voudrais... How much does ____ cost? Combien coà »te... ? Transportation Essentials You will also need to rely on various types of  transportation (le  transport)  during your trip and reviewing these French words will be very useful. By Plane The airport comes with an entirely new set of vocabulary that you will want to know for your arrival and departure flights. Airplane -  lavionAirport -  laà ©roport By Subway Quite often, you will find that a subway is a great way to get from one place to another. Familiarizing yourself with these words will help you find the subway station. Subway -  le mà ©troSubway station -  la gare / station de mà ©tro By Bus The bus is another great form of local transportation (le transport local) and you will want to know just a few words in French. Bus - lautobusBus stop -  larrà ªt dautobusBus station -  la gare dautobus By Train Traveling by train is an affordable and comfortable way to get around France and trains also come with a unique set of vocabulary that you will want to study. Train -  le trainPlatform -  le quaiTrain station -  la gare At the Ticket Booth No matter which mode of public  transportation you choose, a ticket is often required and you will need to visit the ticket booth (billetterie). Round-trip ticket -  un billet aller-retourOne-way ticket -  un billet simplePrice -  le prix Renting a Car in French If you want to break out on your own, renting a car is a great way to do it. This portion of the lesson focuses on what you will need to know about car rentals, including what to ask for and important details in the rental agreement. When you do get in the car (la voiture), you will also want to know basic French vocabulary for driving. Rental -  la location I'd like to rent a car. Je voudrais louer une voiture. I reserved a car. J'ai rà ©servà © une voiture. Requesting a Particular Car You can make special requests for the car you would like to rent with a simple sentence. Begin the request with  Je voudrais... and specify the style of car youre seeking. I would like... Je voudrais... ... automatic transmission. ... une voiture avec transmission automatique. ... manual transmission / stick shift. ... la boà ®te manuelle. ... ecomony car. ... une voiture à ©conomie. ... compact car. ... une voiture compacte. ... mid-size car. ... une voiture intermà ©diaire. ... luxury car. ... une voiture luxe. ... convertible. ... une voiture dà ©capotable. ... 4x4. ... un quatre quatre. ... truck. ... un camion. ... a two-door / four-door. ... une voiture à   deux / quatre portes. Requesting Specific Features in a Car If you have special requirements, such as a seat for your child, begin the sentence with  Je voudrais...  (I would like...) and ask for one of these. Air conditioning -  la climeBaby seat -  une nacelle bà ©bà ©Booster seat -  un rà ©hausseur intà ©gralChild seat -  un sià ¨ge enfant Details of the Rental Agreement It is vital that you understand your rental agreement and these questions will ensure that there is no confusion lost in translation. Extra driver -  un conducteur supplà ©mentaireDamages -  les dommages How much will it cost? C'est combien ? Do I have to pay by the kilometer? Dois-je payer par kilomà ¨tre ? Is insurance included? L'assurance est-elle comprise ? Does it take gas or diesel? Qu'est-ce qu'elle prend : essence ou gazole ? Where can I pick up the car? Oà ¹ puis-je prendre la voiture ? When do I have to return it? Quand dois-je la rendre ? Can I return it to Lyon/Nice? Puis-je la rendre à   Lyon/Nice ?

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Peer Presure at School - 794 Words

Peer Pressure at School Every human being has an inner feeling of wanting to belong somewhere. Even belonging to one’s family is not enough. Individual will strive to belong to a wider group existing within his or her environment. Consequently, this exposes one to peer pressure. Peer pressure is the influence exerted on an individual by a person or a group to do something or act in a manner that he or she would otherwise not consider doing on his or her own. It has traditionally been associated with the teens. True to that, teenagers are the most affected by peer pressure, especially during their adolescent years. Nonetheless, even adult occasionally suffers from this pressure. People who share certain similarities such as social status, background, and age are likely to bond with each. Within their interaction there will exist some form of influence equivalent to peer pressure. Important to note is that although peer pressure has traditionally been perceived negatively, it can greatly benefit an individual provided one understand it and conforms to the right pressure. Peer pressure consists of positive and negative interactions between adolescents resulting in a change of behavior. It can range from friendly competitions of getting good grades to negative behaviors resulting in drug use. Peer pressure not only can be bad peers may teach you good and it encourages you to follow them it is a constant daily issue in today’s youth. Peer pressure is very influential sources ofShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Langston Hugnersalvation704 Words   |  3 PagesTo Give In To Peer Pressure, Or Be Different Langston Hugner Salvation is a short story about a boy who lies about seeing jesus at his church revival to please his auntie, he found that it was eaiser to just give into peer pressure and say he saw jesus then to wait for something to happen that might not happenen. This story relates to me because while in school my friend Myranda gave into peer pressure the day after her boyfriend broke up with her. When you are in highschool, a break up is likeRead MoreEbt Task 1 Essay2008 Words   |  9 Pagesincidence of the pressure ulcer in critically ill children be decreased with proper intervention? The Matrix A matrix was created for all ten articles with 9 columns used to evaluate each article.the matrix is submitted as a separate file. Review of 10 Peer Reviewed research Articles Annotated Bibiliography Schindler,C., Mikhailov, T., Kuhn, E.,Christopher, J.,Conway, P., Ridling, D., Scott, A., Simpson, V. (2011, Jan). protecting fragile skin;

The Taj Mahal Palace and Power Hotel in Mumbai - 1755 Words

Organisation Background Incorporated by Mr. Jamsetji N. Tata (founder of the Taj Group), The Taj Mahal Palace and Tower, Mumbai was opened in 1903 as the first hotel by the Taj Group and representative of India’s rich heritage. It is a flagship hotel of Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces which is a part of The Indian Hotels Company (IHCL) and contains 560 rooms and 44 suits. Situated adjacent to the landmark, Gateway of India at water’s edge, the hotel offers east access to numerous local tourist destinations and official agenices.For more than a century, the Taj has taken the position of inherent landmark in the city and take pride in its rich clientele consisting of royal families, Stars form entertainment industries, Political and business dignitaries and so on. It has played an intrinsic role in being a social epicentre of the city. The hotel has been constantly ranked as one of the best hotel properties in the world for business and luxury by various hotel and tourism organizations including Conde Nast Traveler USA Gold List. Issue with the organisation On 26 November 2008, in a series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai, the hotel was attacked. Material damages occurred in millions of dollars as a result of damaged roof of the building and destruction of many antiques and heritage property. The attack lasted for over 60 hours injuring 350+ and killing around 167 people including many foreigners. 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The Taj Group of Hotels were selected to gain a learning of hotels in India from three different perspectives – that of a fast growing Indian hotel, , that of a formerly strong player trying to adapt to a changing market, and finally, that of an domestic hotel operating in India. The analysisRead MoreHotel Industry4982 Words   |  20 PagesBusiness Plan On HOTEL INDUSTRY Submitted to Prof V.K. Sapovadia, Prof Kishor Barad Prof Sharma Shanti Business School, Ahmedabad PGDM Trimester II (Batch 2010-12) Continuous Evaluation in Business Plan Submitted By HEMANT VAGHELA ENROLMENT NUMBER: 1011012005 SR NO. | TOPICS | PAGE NO. | 1 | HISTORY EVOLUTION | 3 | 2 | GROWTH OF INDUSTRY | 4 | 3 | MAJOR MARKET PLAYERS | 5 | 4 | CATEGORY OF PLAYERS | 5 | 5 | ITDC HOTELS | 9 | 6 | HOTEL CORPORATION OF INDIARead MoreMis in Taj Hotels10832 Words   |  44 PagesIndustry Report – Hotel Industry Group - 1 2010 This report presents scenario of MIS in Hotel Industry with main focus on India Hotels Company Limited (IHCL, Taj Group of Hotels) India Hotels Company Limited Oxford House 15/17 N.F. 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Coming home free essay sample

12 November 2009, 7:40 am. The sky was clear, the mighty sun replaced the morning dew with its radiant illuminating rays. Daud woke to the routine call to prayer, he rubbed his blurry eyes and looked around him, exhaled and rubbed his eyes again as if trying to wake up to the smell of his mother’s cooking instead he is still haunted by his Kalashnikov in front of him. He jumped out of his hammock and strapped on his weapon on his shoulders and walked to location he was instructed last night. He climbed hills and disfigured rocks with his torn, worn out sandal effortlessly even the weight of his enormous weapon did not burden him. Daud came across a small tea stall where a group of old bearded ‘holy’ men sat counting beads on a line of string with their fingers and sipping tea. One man looked at Daud, grinned and proudly said â€Å"Asalam wa’aliekum†. We will write a custom essay sample on Coming home or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Asalam wa’aliekum? Peace be upon you? What peace did they speak of? These men were clearly brainwashed and blind toward humanity. Daud bit his tongue and nodded reluctantly. He finally climbed the last hill for the rendezvous and saw his fellow young ‘mujahedeens’ loading their guns and filling a number of pickup trucks with ammunition and explosives. It looked like their going for yet another killing rampage. Just another day; kill or be killed. Daud Karzai’s parents and home was snatched from him at the young age of 11 when the Taliban stormed the northern region of Banu near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. The Taliban took control and scavenged Dauds village, they captured all those who opposed them and burned down the houses leaving nothing but ashes and memory behind. They, one-by-one, executed the men who did not share their fanatic mission of spreading strict sharia law. Daud’s mother was left a widow that day. His father had collapsed lifelessly on the hard ground soaked in his own blood. His mother left to stare motionlessly at his body is if it were an abyss. Daud was tied and placed on one of the Taliban pick-up trucks in such a position that he could see the traumatizing expression of his mother. Completely petrified, Daud could not even utter simple words rather move. The Taliban satisfied their amusement and drove off with Daud on the trunk seeing his life change in a matter minutes. His eyes consistently staring at the aftermath and especially his mother who lifted her eyes towards Daud with the utmost effort, as if life had been sucked out of her. They both look into each other’s eyes trying to make sense of what just happened, millions of questions buzzing in their minds ‘what now? ’, ‘will we ever see each other again? ’ ‘Why us? ’, ‘is God punishing us? ’ And just like that Dauds life changed. The trucks at the rendezvous point were almost ready it was just a matter of time before they leave. Daud saw one of his fellow soldier, Jeddah, sit next to a small lake away from the group and went to sit with him. â€Å"Salaam, are you alright? † Daud asked. Jeddah turned his head, looked at him dead in the eye and regarded him with frustration. â€Å"Sorry† realising how stupid his question was. They sat there for a while gazing the clear water. Jeddah sighed and finally broke the silence â€Å"If†¦if you had a chance, what would you wanna be when you grow up? † He asked, looking straight as if talking to himself. â€Å"Umm†¦well I never thought about it but a pilot I guess †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. What about you? † â€Å".. I loved my family especially my grandfather, he was my everything†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦he suffered a stroke a few years ago and passed away†¦.. they all passed away†¦. , they said he could survive if we could afford a doctor †¦.. I vowed to be a doctor after that day so I can try to stop people from dying †¦ I wanted to lessen grieving and bring happiness to people†¦.. Hahaha ironic isn’t it? I’m sitting here saying I want to be a life saver yet I kill innocent woman and children for no good reason† He forced a smile on his face and looked at the lake vaguely. As he did a tear sparkled down his cheek, trying to restrain from himself from breaking down he exhaled with the relief of expressing his emotions. No one wanted this life, they were forced to take the lives of innocent men and woman every day for no good reason. They could have been kicking a footballs instead they held guns for the same men who killed their families. Our group leader gave a loud roar, signalling us to gather at the rendezvous point and depart for their â€Å"holy† mission. The leader of Dauds group was known as â€Å"mullah†, a man who has learned and preaches Islamic law, he was a broad, tall man with a dark beard reaching his collarbone. He wore typical Afghani attire but with an armed vest, which handled grenades, a machete and a pistol, not to mention he had an ak-47 strapped on his shoulder as well. His turban was black and covered his ears , dangling from the back of his turban was a green torn scarf which he occasionally covered his nose and mouth with to conceal his identity. His voice was deep and demanding, perfect for a man with authority. He commanded us to be seated and the drivers to drive. There were three pick-ups, seven men sat in each pick-up, five in the car itself and two on the trunk armed and ready. We were heading for a commercial area known as ‘Zamaza’ where we were hinted that U. S troops made camp. Everyone in the pick-ups was aware that this day could be their last including Daud and Jeddah yet everyone was calm and ready to face death as if they were destined to. But could death be the destiny of an 11 year old boy who was been hide away from the world and surrounded by only acts of violence and turmoil. Which raises the question in Dauds mind â€Å"what is my purpose in life? † â€Å"Is this what I was born to do? â€Å". The camp was not far now. Zamaza was home to many businesses which revolved around international affairs including aid and funds from U. S and the Pakistani government. It was surrounded by trade routes stretching to Pakistan and Kabul. Daud and Jeddah sat on the trunk and watched out for any signs of ambush or potential assaults. The elder mujahedeen’s sat in the back seat and talked to each other along the way, unaware that Daud and Jeddah could easily hear them. One of the men sparked the conversation regarding a rescue camp near the border where homeless woman and children were cared for and protected by the Pakistani government. Daud senses heightened, he could not resist eavesdropping on their conversation. â€Å"Could my mother be there? He whispered to himself. His thoughts were sharply interrupted with a thunderous blast. The truck behind Dauds was completely obliterated any remains was enveloped in flames. The battle had started. The Americans had launched a missile from one of the Zamaza buildings. Mullah ordered us to engage back and fire at the buildings not considering any innocent men and woman there. Rapid cross-firing continued till our trucks had reached the mouth of the area. The Taliban’s firing had pushed back the Americans allowing the mujahedeen’s to rush and take cover behind the buildings. The opposition had placed barracks and snipers throughout the main road. Only a fool would expose himself openly. The area layout was very simple, the main road divided the area in half, the east wing was were the Taliban had taken cover while the west wing was the oppositions. Mullah’s plan and orders were as senseless as his mind, kill everyone and take control of this land. Daud and Jeddah firmly held on to their guns and took cover behind a bank. Bullets pierced through the walls, rumble flew everywhere, and innocent cries echoed within the alleys. Mullah and the others moved from building to building in order to get as close to the Americans as possible. Daud and Jeddah sat still till the building next to them was blasted with grenades the aftermath blocked all directions except one the west wing. They had to move. Duad and Jeddah run through the alleys in effort to find a way out of the area. They crawled under large destroyed concrete surfaces to catch their breaths. The bullets flew in all direction and they knew the concrete cannot hold them for long. Daud peeked from a gap created from the bullets, a U.S soldier was crouched beside a building and aiming in the direction opposite of them. Daud watched as the soldier calmly inhaled and exhaled enhancing his accuracy. Dauds eyes followed where he pointed his rifle, in the distance Mullah sat reloading his gun behind a wall. The soldier fired and in an instant Mullahs blood splashed across the wall. Watching someone Die was a traumatising experience but Mullahs death gave Daud liberation, a feeling which was snatched from him. Jeddah heard the gunshot and instantly reacted he pointed his gun at the soldier, he hesitated but eventually he pulled the trigger. His gun gave a loud click. He had no ammo. The soldier reacted to the click and instantly turned back and pointed his gun at Jeddah, who lay their petrified, impetuously Daud pointed his gun at the soldier and fired in effort to kill him before he kills Jeddah. Daud was too late. The bullet pierced through Jeddah’s head spilling out blood and exposing his skull. Daud had seen death before but not inches away from him he saw how instantly life is taken away in a matter of seconds. Jeddah’s eyes were wide open and stared motionlessly at the sky. Daud gently pushed his eye lids down and glared at his blood stained weapon and realised death would be his inevitable fate if he continued to stay here. Hardly audible, Daud hears a loud siren, he focuses on the sound. It was a steam train. Determined to escape, Daud follows the sound of the train. Dashing through small rumbles and alleys, the volume of the siren increases. He reaches a dead end wall but behind it he was certain he would find the tracks. He had to react quickly the train was approaching nearer and nearer. He looked around him and found one of the mujahedeen’s body crashed under the rumble. He crawled under the large debris and reached in his vest and retrieved a grenade. Daud pulled the pin and threw the grenade at the wall. The blast created a large hole from which Daud climbed out off. The train was about to cross Zamaza, Daud sprinted to the tracks and stood a position from which he could jump in the cargo coach. Daud looked behind him, the smoke from the numerous grenades covered the Zamaza, cracks of rapid gunfire continued in the distance. The train finally came, Daud jumped successfully onto the cargo coach. He finally escaped. The train was going to Pakistan from a popular trade route which was controlled by the Pakistani army. The journey took several hours but Daud was grateful. He remembered the conversation he had overheard about the relief camp in Pakistan and was certain was mother was there. He reached Pakistan on 13th November. Daud searched the relief camps tirelessly, and there among thousands of separated families he found her. The U. N supplied funds, aids and a home. Daud lived with his mother at the camps for two years. Today he works with UNICEF to rescue and bring hope to child soldiers around the world.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

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Question: Describe about a Report on Corporate Strategy Report? Answer: Introduction The branding and marketing strategies of the company have played a key role for Samsungs success. The strategic approach towards the functioning of the business and analyzing the business strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and gains, Samsung has faced a remarkable growth in the global market. Samsung is now for creating unique and clever products that focuses on engaging and interacting with the users (Samsung India 2016). The company has recognized the power of branding and brand and has set the example for brand value. The corporate strategy of business is not just related to human resource, marketing, finance and operations but the companys strategy is concerned with long term growth maximization by launching the new products and by expanding its business in new markets. The report discusses the companys core competencies and the internal and external analysis of its operations. The report also explores the future development plans for the company and the strategic issues faced by the company and its analysis. Company Background The Samsung Group has created the history with more than 70 years of its operation. Samsung was founded in 1938 and since then it is the leading company in the consumer electronic industry. It is a South Korean MNC which is headquartered at Seoul, South Korea. The company is dedicated in various operations and engaged in number of businesses with the aim to make the better life for the world(Samsung India 2016). The business captured areas of plant construction, skyscrapers, advanced technology and semi-conductor and more (Gonzalez-Padron and Ferguson 2015) Business aims and objectives The aims and objectives of the company are: To develop a strong customer focus to fulfill the needs, wants of present and future of its customer To recognize and develop the powerful and well designed products and services To provide the emotional and functional products to the customers (Pride and Ferrell 2013) It developed the strong philosophy for the designing of the products, so that the products are intuitive, simple, adaptive and efficient Create innovation in the products manufactures and build its brand power(Schawel and Billing 2012) The innovation of products and its design creation that reflects the users life style and interact with them Current Position The Samsung Group is one of the largest IT Company that accounted the growth of revenue up to 80 percent in 2014, with total revenue 206.205 trillion(Tradingeconomics.com, 2016). The assembly plants and sales of Samsung networks in 90 countries and employees around 402,000 people (Samsung India 2016). Internal Analysis Business Corporate Strategy The company strategy focus on the five major aspects- Hardware, the company emphasis on the hardware production and have not developed its own software proprietary data including the movies, games, music, video and more. The software estimates higher profit margins and a long term cycle economy, but Samsung considers the strategy to develop the innovated and designed hardware devices which is more feasible for the company (Pride and Ferrell 2012). Vertical Integration, Samsung has the external supplier of to outsource but the focus of the company is on the internal independent manufacturing operations. Samsung is in practice of investing in the Research and Development and the innovation in production and designing of the product (Samsung India 2016). It invests to make the product relate to each of the customers lifestyle and needs. Digital Innovation in Product, the innovation and designing of Samsung is famous and it keeps on implementing the changes in the technology and has incorporated the digital product innovation from analog. This is the reason for the Samsung products to be on the premium class. The selling of the newly launched product on the high prices at the launch day even if it is fresh in the market diminishes dramatically thereafter(Sampath, Solomon and Vallejo 2012). Production Diversification, Samsung aims at raising its profits margin by selling the high quality of its manufactured products. The use of new technology and designing of the product incorporates the innovation strategy in order to generate the products that fulfill the needs of the customers and produce the user friendly products(Sampath, Solomon and Vallejo 2012). Digital Convergence Strategy, the company focuses on the play role for the products through digital technology. Samsung aims to become the leaders in the digital production era. The digital convergence strategy adopted by Samsung defines the two trends- combination of the several technologies into one network and the combination of several technologies into one major product. The example that can be coated here is Plan OS combined with a cell phone and on the other hand a cell phone that is combined with camera as SPH-i700. Thus by focusing of the strategy of digital technology it will help to lure the network everywhere. SWOT Analysis Strength Focus on sustainable environment Innovation and design Low production costs Wide range of Product Market branding Brand reputation Investment in RD Involves leading partnership in developed countries Weakness Focus on too many products Too low profit margin Pricing tactics Patent infringement Does not Focus on Niche Lack in its own OS and software Opportunity Growing mobile advertising industry Growth of tablets market Obtaining patents through acquisitions Increasing demand in the developing economies Demand for innovation of product Threats Intense Competition- locally and globally South Korea Political Instability Brand Recognition of other competitors Price Sensitive Customers Decreasing demand of the television Launch of Apples iTV Price Wars SWOT ANALYSIS (Source: Rostirolla and Rostirolla 2011) External Analysis PESTEL Analysis PESTEL analysis is the strategic analytical tool that is been used as the evaluation of the external forces on the business and its operations. The PESTEL analysis for Samsung is as follows: Political Factors- The factors associated with political stability of the country, attitude of the government towards the industry and the market lobbying and international pressures comes under the political forces. The political environment where Samsung operates is conducive to operations. In recent time the company has faced the political swings in the home country. Samsung operates as Korean business and has increases the taxes and dues by 11% (Tradingeconomics.com 2016). One of the political factor influenced the corporation is the level of customer taxation and its corporate tax. Another force that influences the company is the political instability due to war break out in Korean Peninsula (Arvand 2012). Though the concern is not much as the company has factored the political instability into its corporate strategy. Economic Factors- The economic factors are very crucial for the company, as Samsung has its operations in various markets in the developed as well as the developing countries to expand its global footprint. Economic stability provides the company with high employment rates and high productivity (Sampath, Solomon and Vallejo 2012). The macroeconomic environment for Samsung to expand globally, it enhanced the research and development operations to analyze various markets and their needs. The consumer electronic markets experience the growth in individual spending that increased the sales (Burns and Bush 2014). This is expected to rise in the next decade due to steady recovery in the economic downturn. The growing economies are great scope for the companys growth of operation. The western economies have popular brand name for the company and on the other hand the growing economies of Asia have the scope of Samsungs expansion of operation (Bosik 2011). Social Factors- Samsung is Korea based organization owned by Chaebol and family of South Korea. The operations of the company are spread globally and hence the local conditions and socio cultural factors are different for different markets. The company tailors its products and services according to the market. The defeat of the local competitors is possible only when the global retailers understands the local needs and strategize efficiently to target the niche (Elliott, Rundle-Thiele and Waller 2012). The key fact for the social forces of influencing the company is the difference of the culture and lifestyle of its customers. Technological Factors- Samsung is the worlds leading information technology and innovation companies. The company has benefited the most by incorporating the innovation in the operational processes and designing by using the power of the technology and driving the sustainability of the business advantage through overall innovation (Arvand 2012). Legal Factors- The diversified markets of the electronic products that offer the tablets and smartphones in the competitive market of retail face fierce competition. The companies have been filing the suits against the imitation of the models and file lawsuits for the patent rights so as to increase the competitive advantage. Samsung faced heavy penalties for the alleged imitation of iPad and iPhones of Apple (Saardchom 2014). The risk taken by the company comes to the legal macro environment and secondly the legal controversies regarding the factory workers and claims by the microchip companies also involve the legal issues for Samsung that influences its brand image. Environmental Factors- There has been a gradual increase in the importance of the environmental sustainability and the companies are regularly scrutinized in regard to the carbon emission, supplier and recycling behavior. Samsungs designing of the products are in accordance with the environmental standards and tries to innovate the technology of operations with eco friendly materials. Like for example- the LED televisions are made without mercury or paint spray and the company has recorded the reduction of 47% in the greenhouse emission through innovation production process (Howlett 2013). Porters Five Forces Model The Porters Five Forces is used as the analytical tool for external analysis that is used for determining the potential elements to increase the profitability of the business in relation to the competitors and customers, suppliers and buyers, and overall industry. The five forces include- Competitive Rivalry, Threat of the Substitutes, Threat of the new entrants, Supplier Power, and Buyer Power. Competitors Rivalry- The rivalry in the industry competitors basically revolves around the price competition. The industry of consumer electronics is at saturation in fact it is oversaturated and the consumers have been spoiled out of various choices for any of the product category. This is the biggest threat for the Samsung as its biggest competitors in the market are Panasonic, Sony, and LG that matches their products with the products offered by Samsung (Martin and Schouten 2012). Threat of Substitutes- The threat of Substitute is relatively high for the company. There has been an increase in the number of the people who use PCs, Laptops, Smartphones or Tablets instead of televisions to access the programs of their choices, or watch television programs on laptops which is more convenient. The company has been diversifying its products that will soon replace the televisions and also working towards evolving the models of televisions more interactive and sophisticated and integrated with the web applications and external devices are recent products launched (Hu, Yao and Qiu 2011). Threat of New Entrants- The market for Samsung is huge and the threat of new entrants in the industry is low for Samsung Electronics. Since there is oversaturation of the industry business and the existing competitors are the established organizations so there is scope of few barriers to new entrants as it will be difficult to achieve the economies of scale (Hungnes 2010). The market is full of reputed and well established brands. Bargaining Power ofBuyers- The consumers bargaining power is one of the highest threat for the company as there are fierce competition in the market industry and the customers have been spoiled with the various products as well as the buyers are overwhelmed with the various promotional schemes and offer messages directed by the company. This ensures the importance of the customer loyalty towards the brand in the retail sector. The fact of customer being price sensitive has lead to oversaturation of these promotional messages so the focus is on the generalized messages (Litan, Wyckoff and Fealing 2012). The company plans to budget and invest time into researching the target audience to gain potential customers and focus on developing and delivering the relevant and appealing messages which increases the customer awareness about the new offers and will in turn boost the profits of the company. Bargaining Power of Suppliers- There is a low threat recorded for the Suppliers bargaining power, as the suppliers fail to negotiate the prices due to the high competition in the market (Levens 2014). The preferred suppliers are competing in order to attract the industry leaders, for the guarantee of constant products Figure 1: Porters Five Forces Analysis (Source: Levens 2014) Strategic Issues: Samsung and Apple It has been observed that for the last three years, Apple and Samsung have been clashed on a severe scale that is almost unpredictable in the business history. Reports have declared that the war in between these two giant companies has cost more than a billion dollars in legal case and have expanded its span in four continents. The war was started with a super secret project that created the iPhone and later on, it was explored that Samsung has been using a similar device, which was no doubt one of the shocking news (Chen and Ann 2014). On 4th August, 2010, the war between Samsung and Apple has been considered as one of the most competitive corporate wars in the history. Since the launch of Samsung S in the Smartphone market, the scenario was becoming complex, as Apple though that it was entirely a piracy. Apple has argued that the phone, the screen, the icons even if the box looked the same as the iPhones. Rubber banding, pinch to zoom are some of the features that were identical with the features of the iPhones (Eichenwald and McCabe 2014). It has been found that the mercurial executive of Apple, Steve Jobs was highly furious, as it took several years to create a breakthrough phone and Samsung had stolen the design along with some important features. Steve Jobs had a talk with Jay Y. Lee in July, as he argued that Samsung had copied Apple iPhone to large extent (Lee 2012). Therefore, it can be easily said that the corporate war between Apple and Samsung was the first a series of ongoing lawsuits regarding the design of the Smartphone and the tablet computers. Reports have stated that these two giant mobile companies sold half of their manufactured products worldwide as on July 2012 (Eichenwald and McCabe 2014). Future Development Strategy Ansoff Matrix Ansoff is the well know analytical matrix that is being used as the marketing tool for analysis the internal environment and provides the opportunity to the company to target the new market or existing market and new product and existing market. The strategy for Samsung is for the business growth and expansion. The company must focus on the market diversification by introducing the existing products in the new developing economies and the introduction of the new products in already developed markets (Kotler and Keller 2012). The strategy is simply to develop the markets of developed and developing economies and also innovating and designing new products for the existing products. Market Penetration Eigen appstore Developing countries for expanding the existing products Product Development Galaxy S5 t.o.v S4 Use of technology and innovation for the new products Market Development Galaxy Tab 5 New products to be developed with use of innovation and designing Diversification Verzekeringen New product- Existing market Existing Product New Market (Source: Hungnes 2010 ) SFA Tool (Suitability, Feasibility and Acceptance) In this part, it is important to discuss about the SFA tool to analyze the future development strategy of Samsung. Just few years ago, Samsung was highly struggling to catch up the Smartphone market, but presently, the company has left Apple back foot and has become the largest technology company in the whole world (Nisen 2016). Sustainability: The Company aims to manufacture those products that gain sustainability in the existing market and targets to design the products likewise to reach the sustainability level. To be present in the end, Samsung seems to more willing as well as able to put their money to use (Park 2014). Feasibility: Samsung targets to produce such products that have the potentiality to fulfill the requirements of the customers. The features of the manufactured products have helped Samsung to achieve the market easily and the company has thus secured the present position in the global smart phone market (Foote and Fox 2009). Acceptance: It has been observed that Samsung is better than anybody is, as it tends to learn from the competitors (Lee 2012). They are the fast followers as they shed a close observation towards the demands of the customers in the market, products brought to the market by other companies, acceptance of the products in the market etc. This characteristic helps the company to stay different from the other companies in the market. After watching the trends in the market, the company rapidly comes up with their own version of innovation (Nisen 2016). Conclusion The strategies of Samsung have been majorly concerned with the hardware designing of the products that use the innovation in technology and designing the user friendly and associated product with the customers. The business units of Samsung have the vision of becoming the most preferred suppliers of the products and services. The methods and corporate strategy used by the company to gain this position and achieve the vision are specific for the specific areas of operation. The use of new technology and designing of the product incorporates the innovation strategy in order to generate the products that fulfill the needs of the customers and produce the user-friendly products. This ensures the importance of the customer loyalty towards the brand in the retail sector. Hence, the market share of the company is likely to expand and achieve target markets. References Arvand, N., 2012. Leveraging Technological Capabilities for Competitive Advantages: Giving Samsung Way a Glance. 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